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Investment Process Wizard

Agriculture » Step 1 | Establishing a Company in Turkey

Establishing a Company with Foreign Capital

Turkey has a non-discrimination and equal treatment policy towards foreign investors, thus foreigners have the same rights and liabilities as locals. There are no rules requiring Turkish participation in the capital or management of a company with foreign capital; a company may be established with 100 percent foreign capital. Almost all sectors are open to foreign capital.

The company establishment procedures have been simplified to a great extent through the shift from a “screening system” to a “monitoring system” for foreign investments and through the elimination of the unnecessary procedures to set up a business for both local and foreign investors.

Registration Requirements:

“The World Bank- Doing Business 2011 Report” summarizes all the procedures and requirements to establish a business in Turkey.

  • Example: For a Standardized Company
  • Legal Form: Limited Company
  • City: Manisa

Go to Registration Requirements: Details »

Step 2 »

Agriculture » Step 2 | Getting Licenses

No special license is required for this sector.

« Step 1 | Step 3 »

Agriculture » Step 3 | Getting a Work Permit

Obtaining a Work Permit in Turkey

Applications for work permits can be made inside or outside Turkey:

Foreigners residing outside Turkey shall apply to the relevant Turkish Consulate of either his/her country of residence or his/her country of citizenship. Foreigners with a valid residence permit (valid for a minimum of 6 months, except for residence permits for educational purposes) can apply directly to the Ministry of Labor and Social Security.

  • Foreigners applying for a work permit from their country of residence
  • Foreigners applying for a work permit in Turkey

Foreigners applying for a work permit from their country of residence

Applicant Individual

  • Passport
  • Work visa application
  • 1 photo
  • 1 copy of the work contract

Consulate / Embassy

Applicant Company

  • Online application should be filed in 6 days.
  • Direct application to the Ministry should be filed in 10 days.

Turkish Ministry of Labor and Social Security

  • If all documents submitted are accurate and complete, the issuing process will take around 30 days.
  • Once approved, the applicant is informed by phone or e-mail.
  • Foreign nationals need an authorized Turkish citizen with a power of attorney to handle their electronic application as the process requires a Turkish national identification number.

Once the work permit has been issued and the work visa application has been approved by the Ministry of Labor and Social Security:

Applicant Individual

  • Non-refundable work visa processing fee
  • Non-refundable work permit processing fee
  • To obtain a residence permit, work visa and work permit holders must apply to the Alien’s Branch of the Local Police Department (Emniyet Mudurlugu Yabancilar Subesi) within 30 days following their arrival in Turkey.

Turkish Ministry of Labor and Social Security

Foreigners applying for a work permit in Turkey

Foreigners with a valid residence permit that is valid for a minimum of 6 months, except for residence permits for educational purposes, can apply directly to the Ministry of Labor and Social Security.

Applicant's File

Consulate / Embassy

 
Documents to be submitted by the employer for the first application
  • A work permit application form addressed to the Ministry of Labor and Social Security, (scanned and sent online during electronic application; printed when directly applying to the Ministry)
  • A balance sheet and a profit & loss statement for the past year certified by tax authorities (scanned and sent online during electronic application)
  • The Turkish Trade Registry Gazette indicating the most recent capital and shareholding structure of the organization (scanned and sent online during electronic application)
  • When applying online, a notarized power of attorney for the authorized person and the employee’s work contract with the applicant company (scanned and sent online during electronic application)
  • As for corporate bodies that intend to employ foreign experts in the fields of engineering, construction, contractorship and consultancy services, payslips of Turkish citizens working in the same positions and the contract between the foreign expert and the employer (scanned and sent online during electronic application)
 
Other documents to be submitted for specific sectors
  • In the education sector, the Private Education Institution Certificate taken from the Ministry of National Education or Establishing a Business and Operating License taken from the related municipality (scanned and sent online during electronic application)
  • For enterprises in the healthcare sector, charity organizations and similar associations, the certificate of conformity, granted permits or licenses taken from the related governmental authority (scanned and sent online during electronic application)
  • For certified tourism enterprises, copies of the Operating License and Tourism Investment Certificate taken from the Ministry of Culture and Tourism (scanned and sent online during electronic application)
 
Documents to be submitted by foreign individuals applying for the first time
  • Application Form for Foreigners (one copy of the printed online application form signed by the employer and the employee or one copy of the printed online application form with work contract). For applications within Turkey, a valid residence permit (scanned and sent online during electronic application)
  • With the exception of residence permits for educational purposes, the residence permit has to be valid for a minimum period of 6 months; if not, the applicant is to apply from his/her country of residence via Turkish Consulates/Embassies
  • A notarized copy of the passport translated into Turkish (scanned and sent online during electronic application)

In addition to the documents above, foreigners applying for a work permit as experts in specific fields have to present the following documents:

  • Foreign Degree Equivalency for applicants that received their higher education outside Turkey, in accordance with the Regulations for Equivalency of Degrees Obtained Abroad, pursuant to the articles 3 and 7/p of the Law No. 2547 (scanned and sent online during electronic application)
  • If deemed necessary for the Ministry, a translated and notarized copy of the degree or provisional certificate of graduation; for pilots, pilot’s license taken from their country of origin (scanned and sent online during electronic application; also printed for application file)
  • For Certified Agriculture Enterprises, copies of the work contract in Turkish and applicant’s native language along with the Letter of Recommendation translated into Turkish (scanned and sent online during electronic application; printed for direct application)
  • For foreigners to be employed in educational services subject to the authority of the Ministry of National Education, the Certificate of Proficiency obtained from the same Ministry. (scanned and sent online during electronic application)

 

 
Documents to be submitted by the employer for extending a work permit
  • A work permit application form addressed to the Ministry of Labor and Social Security, (scanned and sent online during electronic application; printed when directly applying to the Ministry)
  • Documents showing the employer company has no unpaid tax debt (available online from the Ministry of Finance)
  • Documents showing the employer company has no unfulfilled social security obligations (available online from the Social Security Institution)
  • A certified copy of The Turkish Trade Registry Gazette indicating the most recent capital and shareholding structure of the organization in case of a change in shareholding or capital structure of the employer company (scanned and sent online during electronic application)
  • When applying online, a notarized power of attorney for the authorized person and the employee’s work contract with the applicant company (scanned and sent online during electronic application)
 
Documents to be submitted by foreign individuals for extending a work permit
  • Application form for foreigners (one copy of the printed online application form signed by the employer and the employee or one copy of the printed online application form with work contract)
  • Residence permit (scanned and sent online during electronic application)
  • Existing work permit and cover letter (scanned and sent online during electronic application)
  • A notarized copy of the passport translated into Turkish (scanned and sent online during electronic application)
  • The renewed Certificate of Proficiency obtained from the Ministry of Education, should the foreign employee switch jobs between educational institutions subject to the authority of the same Ministry (scanned and sent online during electronic application)
  • Existing work permit and cover letter (scanned and sent online during electronic application)
  • For foreigners working as engineers/architects/urban planners, an interim membership certificate from the Union of Chambers of Turkish Engineers and Architects according to the article 36 of the Law No. 6235 (scanned and sent online during electronic application)

The evaluation criteria designated by the Ministry of Labor and Social Security for the purpose of fulfilling transactions related to foreigners’ work permit requests quickly and objectively are defined below:

  • At the workplace for which work permit is requested, at least five persons who are citizens of the Republic of Turkey must be employed. In case the foreigner requesting work permit is a co-partner of the company, aforementioned condition related to the employment of five persons who are Turkish citizens will be required for the last six months of one-year work permit to be granted by the Ministry. In case of requesting work permit for more than one foreigner at the same workplace, for each foreigner following the first foreigner who is granted a work permit, the condition regarding the employment of five persons who are Turkish citizens will be required individually.
  • Paid-in capital of the workplace must be at least TRY 100,000 or the lowest figure for its gross sales amount must be equal to TRY 800,000 or its export amount in the last year must be at least USD 250,000.
  • For work permit requests concerning foreigners to be employed by associations and foundations, Article 2, and for evaluations regarding work permit applications related to foreigners to be employed in representative agencies of foreign countries’ airlines in Turkey as well as those to work in education sector and home services sector Articles 1 and 2 will not be applied.
  • Foreigner requesting work permit who is a co-partner of the company must own at least 20% shares in the company, and this percentage shall correspond to at least TRY 40,000, as an obligation.
  • Salary amount which is declared by the employer to be paid to the foreigner must be at a level which complies with the position and competence of the foreigner. Accordingly, considering the minimum wage amount effective as of the application date, wage to be paid to a foreigner must be equal at least to the following:
    • 6.5 times the minimum wage amount, for senior executives and pilots as well as engineers and architects requesting preliminary permit
    • 4 times the minimum wage amount, for unit or branch manager as well as engineers and architects
    • 3 times the minimum wage amount, for persons to be employed for jobs requiring expertise and proficiency as well as teachers
    • 1.5 times the minimum wage amount, for persons to be employed for home services and other occupations.
  • Requests for persons to be employed as masseurs, masseuses and SPA therapists, occupations requiring expertise and proficiency, by Agriculture establishments with at least four stars licensed by the Ministry of Culture and Agriculture proving that there is a licensed massage parlor within their facilities, as well as licensed holiday resorts will be evaluated, while requests by establishments and workplaces which are not meeting these criteria will not be considered appropriate.
  • For foreigners to be employed by firms operating in the entertainment sector as well as Agriculture-animation organization firms for occupations requiring expertise and proficiency there will not be a separate quota application provided that at least 10 persons who are citizens of the Republic of Turkey are employed in these firms.

How to get a residence permit?

All foreigners wishing to live and/or work in Turkey are required to obtain a residence permit within one month following their arrival in the country and prior to the commencement of their work.

For long-term residence in Turkey, the applicant should submit the following documents to the local Police Department:

  • 4 passport-size photos
  • Passport
  • Photocopies of the following pages of the passport: the page bearing the applicant’s photo, the page stamped at the last entry, the page indicating the validity and expiry dates of the passport
  • A bank statement or a currency exchange slip testifying to an asset in the amount of USD 300 for each month

Documents required to apply for a residence permit for work purposes:

  • 4 passport-size photos
  • Passport
  • Photocopies of the following pages of the passport: the page bearing the applicant’s photo, the page stamped at the last entry, the page indicating the validity and expiry dates of the passport
  • The original and a copy of the work permit issued by the Ministry of Labor and Social Security

« Step 2 | Step 4 »

Agriculture » Step 4 | Environmental Impact Assessment Report

Environmental Impact Assessment Directive Flow Schematics (25 work days)

  • Preparation of the project presentation file
  • Submitting the project presentation file to the Ministry and the Ministry checks the file for compliance (5 work days)
  • Evaluation of the project presentation file (15 work days)
  • Ministerial decision stage (5 work days)

Environmental Impact Assessment Procedure (38 work days)

  • Preparation and submitting of the project presentation file to the Ministry
  • Evaluation of the project presentation file by the Ministry and forming of an Analysis and Evaluation Commission (AEC)
  • Public participation and formatting (12 work days)
  • Submitting the EIA report to the Ministry (within 1 year at most)
  • The Ministry checks the file for compliance with the format (3 work days)
  • Analysis and evaluation by the Commission members (10 work days)
  • Final EIA report is submitted to the Ministry (5 work days)
  • Ministerial decision stage - EIA positive /EIA negative (5 work days)

« Step 3 | Step 5 »

Agriculture » Step 5 | Construction License

Construction License

A construction license is the permission granted by the municipalities within the borders of adjacent areas and governorships (Directorates of Public Works and Settlement) outside the borders of adjacent areas, in order to start constructing a building that is subject to license.

In order to obtain a construction license, construction owners or their statutory agents have to submit the following documents to the relevant administrations (municipalities or governorships).

(Duration: 3 days - 1 week)

 

  • Application form
  • Letter of undertaking
  • Title deed
  • Letter of attorney and deed of consent (where necessary)
  • Cadastral extract
  • Construction project
  • Static project
  • Electricity, heating and mechanical systems projects
  • Environment and landscape projects
  • Accountable receipts of road and Agriculture contribution rates
  • Ground survey
  • Other documents for safety engineering (where necessary)

 

The person who obtains a construction license must start construction work within two years. If the construction work does not start within two years or in cases where the construction is not completed in conformity with the license in five years despite starting the project within two years following the issuing of the license, the license becomes invalid.

« Step 4 | Step 6 »

Agriculture » Step 6 | Operation License

Operation License Procedure

 

  • Registration of the company with the related regional office of the Ministry of Labor and Social Security.
  • Application by the company to the regional office of the Ministry of Labor and Social Security with a petition for an operation license prior to the commencement of operations.
  • Upon application by the company, the Ministry inspects the workplace for compliance with occupational health and safety regulations, as well as with the site plan and projects.
  • If the workplace of the company complies with the rules and regulations, the regional office of the Ministry of Labor and Social Security sends the operation license to the company by post.

 

All services of the Ministry during this process are free of charge

« Step 5 | Step 1 »

Agriculture » Step 1 | Registration Requirements

#ProcedureTime to completeCost to complete
1 Execute and notarize articles of association, signature declaration of the managers, copies of each manager’s identity card or passport and commercial books. 1 day Articles of Association (TRY 900.00) Signature declaration (TRY 100.00)
2 Deposit a percentage of the capital to the account of the Competition Authority 1 day 0.04% of capital
3 Deposit the initial capital in a bank and obtain the certificate of paid-in capital 1 day No charge
4 File the incorporation notice form, commitment letter and Chamber registration statement at the Trade Registry Office 2 days Initial registration fee of the Chamber of Commerce (TRY 150) + Commercial registration including first manager’s signature (TRY 555) + For each additional manager (TRY 198.85) + Per word for publication (TRY 0.23) + Trade Registry Gazette fee (TRY 1.50) + Fee for start-up announcement (TRY 38)
5* Have a notary certify the legal books 1 day (simultaneous with previous procedure) Journal - 200 pages (TRY 51.00) Ledger -100 pages (TRY 38.00) Case book - 100 pages (TRY 42.50) Inventory book - 100 pages (TRY 42.50)
6 Follow up with the tax office on the Commercial Registry’s notification 1 day No charge

« Step 1 | Go to Procedures »

Agriculture » Step 1 | Procedure 1

Procedure 1. Execute and notarize articles of association, signature declaration of the managers, copies of each manager’s identity card or passport and commercial books.
Time to complete : 1 day
Cost to complete : TRY 1,000
Comment : The following documents are required:
  • Notarized articles of association (three, one original)
  • Notarized signature declarations (two copies)
  • Notarized identity cards of company managers (two copies)

According to amendments to the Stamp Tax Law (effective January 1, 2004), the incorporation documents are exempt from the stamp tax. The certification fee will be paid to the notary public for executing the articles of incorporation.

The updated fee schedule for notarizing incorporation documents:

  • Articles of association (three copies, each of 10 pages): TRY 900 (estimated)
  • Signature declarations of company managers (two, each with five signatures): TRY 100 (estimated)

« Go to Registration Requirements: Details | Go to Procedure 2 »

Agriculture » Step 1 | Procedure 2

Procedure 2. Deposit a percentage of the capital to the account of the Competition Authority
Time to complete : 1 day
Cost to complete : TRY 50
Comment :

To register with the Commercial Registry, founders must obtain the original receipt from Ziraat Bankası. This receipt shows that 0.04% of the company’s capital has been paid to the Competition Authority at the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey (CBRT) or a public bank.

« Procedure 1 | Go to Procedure 3 »

Agriculture » Step 1 | Procedure 3

Procedure 3. Deposit the initial capital in a bank and obtain the certificate of paid-in capital.
Time to complete : 1 day
Cost to complete : No charge
Comment :

If the whole capital of the company is not paid in advance, the capital of the company can also be paid in within three months following the registration. Kindly note that another option is; 25 percent of the capital can be paid in the first 3 months following the registration of the company; and the balance of the subscribed capital shall be paid within 3 years of incorporation.

« Procedure 2 | Go to Procedure 4 »

Agriculture » Step 1 | Procedure 4

Procedure 4. File the incorporation notice form, commitment letter, and Chamber registration statement at the Trade Registry Office.
Time to complete : 2 days
Cost to complete : TRY 942
Comment :

Founders must submit the incorporation notice form, the commitment letter, and the chamber registration statement to the Trade Registry Office. However, the formation of a limited liability company does not require a court application. Thus, upon gathering the following documents, founders may begin the registration process:

  • For each individual shareholder who is not a Turkish citizen, one copy of the shareholder’s passport notarized by a Turkish notary
  • For each individual shareholder who is a Turkish citizen or for a Turkish representative of such shareholder, two certified copies of the identity card
  • Three copies of an establishment notification form (“kuruluş bildirim formu”)
  • Three copies of the notarized articles of association
  • Bank deposit receipt from the Competition Authority Account (0.04% of the company’s capital)
  • An undertaking (“taahhütname”) signed by the authorized company representatives
  • For each person authorized to represent the founders of the limited liability company, two copies of the signature.

The Commercial Registry Office notifies the Tax Office and the DistrAgriculture Employment Office about the company incorporation. The Registry arranges for an announcement in the Commercial Registration Gazette within around 10 days of company registration.

A tax identification plaque must be obtained from the local tax office after the Commercial Registry Office notifies the local tax office. The Registry Office also notifies the Ministry of Labor and Social Security, Directorate of the Social Security Institution of the incorporation. A social security number must be obtained from the relevant Social Security Administration office, and company employees must be registered with that administration.

The registration fee for a limited liability company has been increased to TRY 555:

  • Publication or advertisement fee: TRY 0.23 per word
  • Start-up notice: TRY 38
  • Trade Registry Gazette fee: TRY 1.50
  • Publication: TRY 90–460
  • Registration fee for manager’s signature
    • First manager's signature: TRY 250
    • Each additional manager’s signature: TRY 198.85

Fee schedule for annual membership in the Manisa Chamber of Commerce (based on capital):

  • TRY 1 - 999 (capital): TRY 70
  • TRY 1,000 - 24,999 (capital): TRY 100
  • TRY 25,000 - 249,999 (capital): TRY 150
  • TRY 250,000 - 999,999 (capital): TRY 200
  • TRY 1,000,000 and up (capital): TRY 225

« Procedure 3 | Go to Procedure 5 »

Agriculture » Step 1 | Procedure 5

Procedure 5. Have a notary certify the legal books.
Time to complete : 1 day
Cost to complete : TRY 174
Comment :

The founders must certify the legal books the day they register the company with the Commercial Registry. The notary public must notify the Tax Office about the commercial book certification.

Fee schedule for legal book certification:

  • Certification up to 100 pages: TRY 45
  • Certification up to 200 pages: TRY 56

« Procedure 4 | Go to Procedure 6 »

Agriculture » Step 1 | Procedure 6

Procedure 6. Follow-up with the Tax Office on the Commercial Registry’s notification.
Time to complete : 1 day
Cost to complete : No charge
Comment :

The Commercial Registry Office notifies the Tax Office and the Social Security Administration of the company’s incorporation. In practice, to expedite the registration process, company representatives follow up on whether the notification has been received. A tax officer comes to the company headquarters to prepare a determination report. There must be at least one authorized signature in the determination report. According to "The Law Number 4884 Regarding the Amendments on Turkish Commercial Code, Tax Procedure Law, Stamp Act, Labor and Social Security Law” Trade Registry Officers send company establishment form which includes tax number notification to Tax Office.

« Procedure 5 | Go to Step 2 »

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